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Urban recreationists interact at various locations at various times, resulting in potential conflicts. For sustainable urban tourism, this study extends the resident–tourist comparison into that of local, domestic, and overseas tourists and applies social network analysis to compare the spatiotemporal patterns of these three types of tourists.



Results show that locals are accustomed to visiting natural parks and hutongs on weekends, while out-of-town tourists might tour popular sites in the city center during holidays, where domestic and overseas tourists may still encounter each other in hot spots. Only the flow of overseas tourists contradicts the distance attenuation effect.

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